26 Sivan-9 Tammuz 5781
June 6-19, 2021
Attributes of the month of Sivan: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: YOD VAV KEH KEH, contained in the initial Hebrew letters of Yedotav U-letzela Hamishkan Hasheinit - "...for its tenons and for the second side of the tabernacle..." (Exodus 26:19-20). The month's corresponding letter is: ZAYIN; Human attribute: MOTION; Body Part: LEFT FOOT; Tribe: ZEVULUN; Constellation: TE-OMIM (Gemini, the Twins).
Wednesday June 9 / 29 Sivan
YOM KIPPUR KATAN
Today is observed as Yom Kippur Katan ("small day of atonement"), with optional fasting from dawn until nightfall and penitential prayers for self-purification and atonement in preparation for the coming month of Tammuz.
Wednesday night-Thursday June
9-10 / 30 Sivan
ROSH CHODESH TAMMUZ First Day
Add Ya'aleh Veyavo in the evening, morning (Shacharit) and afternoon prayers and in Grace after Meals. Following the morning Shacharit prayer, "half" Hallel is recited, and after the Rosh Chodesh synagogue Torah reading, we recite the Mussaf prayer corresponding to the additional Rosh Chodesh Temple sacrifice. On Rosh Chodesh it is customary to eat a festive meal with bread.
Attributes of the month of Tammuz: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: KEH VAV KEH YOD, contained in the concluding Hebrew letters of zeH einenU shoveH lI, "...this is not of worth to me..." (Esther 5:13). The month's corresponding letter is: CHET; Human attribute: VISION; Body Part: RIGHT HAND; Tribe: REUVEN; Constellation: SARTAN (Cancer, the Crab).
Thursday night-Friday June
10-11 / 1 Tammuz
ROSH CHODESH TAMMUZ Second Day
Add Ya'aleh Veyavo in the evening, morning (Shacharit) and afternoon prayers and in Grace after Meals. Following the morning Shacharit prayer, "half" Hallel is recited, and after the Rosh Chodesh synagogue Torah reading we recite the Mussaf prayer corresponding to the additional Rosh Chodesh Temple sacrifice. On Rosh Chodesh it is customary to eat a festive meal with bread.
Today is the Yahrzeit of Yosef HaTzaddik (the biblical Joseph).
Friday night-Saturday June
11-12 / 2 Tammuz
The Torah reading is Korach, Numbers 16:1-18:32 telling of Korach's conspiracy against Moses and Aaron and giving the laws of the priestly and Levitical gifts.
Sunday June 13 / 3 Tammuz
On this day Joshua caused the sun to stop in Giv'on and the moon in Emek Ayalon in his war against the kings of Canaan.
The three-day massacre of Jews in Uman, Ukraine, commenced in 1768.
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Shneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe (1902-1994).
Friday-Saturday June 18-19 /
The Torah reading is Chukat Numbers 19:1-22:1 giving the laws of the Red Heiffer and recounting the closing stages of the Children of Israel's journey to their Land and their miraculous conquests of the Emorites and Bashan. The Haftara Judges 11:1-33 tells the story of Yiftach (Jephthah)..
On this day at the end of the First Temple period the wall of Jerusalem was breached by Nebuchadnezzar's armies, signalling the beginning of the destruction of the city and the Temple, and King Tzedekiah and his ministers tried to escape through a secret tunnel to Jericho but were captured.
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