This week at Azamra
28 Elul 5782 / 24 September 2022

Torah Calendar

15-28 Elul, 5782
September 11-24, 2022

For this week's study schedule & classes, CLICK HERE

Attributes of the month of Elul: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: KEH KEH VAV YOD, contained in the final Hebrew letters of the words of the verse ootzedakaH tihyeH lanOO kI "and it shall be righteousness to us when..." (Deut 6:25). The month's corresponding letter is: YOD; Human attribute: ACTION; Body Part: LEFT HAND ; Tribe: GAD; Constellation: BETULAH (Virgo, the Maiden).

Tuesday night-Wednesday September 13-14 / 18 Elul

Today is the anniversary of the birthday of Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (1698-1760), founder of Chassidism, and it was also the date on which he first revealed himself. Likewise it is the anniversary of the birthday of Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi (1745-1812), founder of the Chabad Lubavitch chassidic movement. Many chassidim customarily hold festive communal meals to encourage and strengthen each other in following the chassidic pathway.
Today is also the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yehuda Loewe, the "Maharal" of Prague (1525-1609), outstanding scholar, mystic and philosopher and legendary creator of the Golem.

As the Day of Judgment draws closer, we should rectify whatever we can -- such as searching our shelves and closets for any borrowed items (e.g. books etc.) that we need to return to their owners.

Thursday night-Friday September 15-16 / 20 Elul

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Avraham ben Naftali Hertz Shternhertz "Kochav Lev" (d. 1955), grandson of Rabbi Nosson of Breslov and leading Breslover elder in Uman and Jerusalem, Israel.
Today is also the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yosef Shlomo Cahanman (1886-1969), the Ponevitcher Rav and founder of the prestigious Ponevitch Yeshiva, Bnay Brak, Israel, and of Rabbi Mosheh Aryeh Freund (d. 1996), Chief Rabbi of the Eda Charedis of Jerusalem. Both were holocaust survivors who were instrumental in rebuilding Torah institutions after the war. Today is also the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Eliyahu Dessler (1872-1970), outstanding Tzaddik, Mussar teacher and author of Michtav MiEliyahu.

Friday night-Saturday September 16-17 / 21 Elul
Shabbat Parshat KI TAVO

Torah Reading: KI TAVO, Deuteronomy 26:1-29:8.
Haftara: Isaiah 60:1-22.

Saturday night-Sunday September 17-18 / 22 Elul
First day of Selichot (Ashkenazim)

Tonight the Ashkenazi communities begin to rise before the dawn every weekday until the eve of Yom Kippur (October 4) for Selichot (penitential prayers), thereby joining their Sephardi brothers, who began rising for Selichot immediately after Rosh Chodesh Elul. Some communities have the practice of reciting the Selichot on Saturday night starting about an hour before midnight, i.e. near the beginning of the middle "watch" of the night. Those who did not rise for Selichot at night or before dawn may recite them after daybreak prior to the daily Shacharit morning prayer.
"A few supplications with kavanah (proper intention) are better than many without" (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, 1:4). Many people have the custom of fasting on the first day of the Selichot. Those who are unable to fast from food may choose to observe a "fast from speaking", Ta'anit Dibbur.

Monday night-Tuesday September 19-20 / 24 Elul

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yisrael Meir HaKohen of Radzin (1838-1933), known as the Chafetz Chaim, author of works on the prohibition of evil speech and of Mishneh Berurah on the laws of daily prayer and blessings, Shabbat and festivals.

Tuesday night-Wednesday September 20-21 / 25 Elul

According to the opinion of Rabbi Eliezer HaGadol, today is the Anniversary of the first of the "Six Days of Creation", which culminate on the first day of Rosh HaShanah, the sixth day of Creation, when Adam was created. On each of these six days the unique light of the associated Sefirah shines in all the worlds.
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Elazar son of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai.
The Holy Zohar states that at the end of days an awesome event will take place on this date (Balak 212b).

During the Elul season of repentance, Israel are like the inhabitants of a city who go out to greet the King in the fields prior to His entry into the city (on Rosh Hashanah), and now each individual has the opportunity to approach the King in person in advance of the coming Day of Judgment.

Everyone who recites Psalm 27, "HaShem is my light", morning and evening from the beginning of Elul until the end of Succot is assured he will live out his years in goodness and pleasantness, and he removes from himself all the accusing forces and nullifies all harsh and evil decrees, and he will win his case in the Judgment.
-- ARI

Friday night-Saturday September 23-24 / 28 Elul
Shabbat Parshat NITZAVIM

Torah Reading: Deuteronomy 29:9-30:20; Haftara: Isaiah 61:10-63:9, seventh and last of the Haftarot of Comfort read between the Fast of Tisha B'Av and Rosh HaShanah.
This is the last Shabbat of the year, and we should make every effort to receive this Shabbat with the greatest joy and devotion.
It is customary NOT to bless the coming month in the Synagogue after the Shabbat Torah reading. This is "in order to outwit the satan" (i.e. not to alert his attention to the coming Day of Judgment in order to avoid his accusations), and in any case, the month of Tishri is so holy that it is "blessed in heaven" instead. However, those who have the custom of reciting the entire book of Psalms on Shabbat Mevorchin also do so on the Shabbat before Rosh Hashanah.
The Molad of Tishri is on Sunday September 25 at 09:00 and 6chalakim p.m.
Today is the anniversary of the death of King Saul and his three sons at the battle of Mt Gilboa.

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