This week at Azamra
6 Tammuz 5784 / 12 July 2024

Torah Calendar

24 Sivan-7 Tammuz, 5784
June 30-July 13, 2024

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Attributes of the month of Sivan: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: YOD VAV KEH KEH, contained in the initial Hebrew letters of Yedotav U-letzela Hamiskan Hasheinit -- "...for its tenons and for the second side of the tabernacle..." (Exodus 26:19-20). The month's corresponding letter is: ZAYIN; Human attribute: MOTION; Body Part: LEFT FOOT; Tribe: ZEVULUN; Constellation: TE-OMIM (Gemini, the Twins).


Monday July 1 / 25 Sivan
Under the Roman occupation of Israel, three of the ten Harugey Malchut (martyrs) , Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel, Rabbi Yishmael the High Priest and Rabbi Chaninah, the deputy High Priest, were put to death on this day.

Thursday July 4 / 28 Sivan
YOM KIPPUR KATAN

Today is observed as Yom Kippur Katan ("small day of atonement"), with optional fasting from dawn until nightfall and penitential prayers for self-purification and atonement in preparation for the coming month of Tammuz.

Friday night-Saturday July 5-6 / 30 Sivan
Shabbat Parshat KORACH
ROSH CHODESH (New Moon) TAMMUZ First Day
Add Ya'aleh Veyavo in Shabbat evening, morning (Shacharit) and afternoon prayers and in Grace after Meals. Following the morning Shacharit prayer, "half" Hallel is recited.
The Torah reading is KORACH Numbers 16:1-18:32 telling of Korach's conspiracy against Moses and Aaron and giving the laws of the priestly and Levitical gifts. Special additional reading for Rosh Chodesh: Numbers 28:11-15. Special Haftara when Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbat: Isaiah 66:1-24 followed by the special Musaf service for when Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbat. At the Shabbat meals it is appropriate to add an extra dish in honor of Rosh Chodesh.

Attributes of the month of Tammuz: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: KEH VAV KEH YOD, contained in the concluding Hebrew letters of zeH einenU shoveH lI, "...this is not of worth to me..." (Esther 5:13). The month's corresponding letter is: CHET; Human attribute: VISION; Body Part: RIGHT HAND; Tribe: REUVEN; Constellation: SARTAN (Cancer, the Crab).

Saturday night-Sunday July 6-7 / 1 Tammuz
ROSH CHODESH (New Moon) TAMMUZ Second Day
Add Ya'aleh Veyavo in evening, morning and afternoon prayers and in Grace after Meals. Following the morning Shacharit prayer, "half" Hallel and the additional Musaf prayer are recited. On Rosh Chodesh it is customary to eat a festive meal with bread.
Today is the Yahrzeit of Yosef HaTzaddik (the biblical Joseph).

Monday night-Tuesday July 8-9 / 3 Tammuz
On this day Joshua caused the sun to stop in Giv'on and the moon in Emek Ayalon in his war against the kings of Canaan.
The three day massacre of Jews in Uman, Ukraine, commenced in 1768.
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Shneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe (1902-1994).

Friday night-Saturday July 12-13 / 7 Tammuz
Shabbat Parshat CHUKAS
Torah Reading: CHUKAS Numbers 19:1-22:1 giving the laws of the Red Heiffer and recounting the closing stages of the Children of Israel's journey to their Land and their miraculous conquests of the Emorites and Bashan; Haftara: Judges 11:1-33.

Monday July 15 / 9 Tammuz
On this day at the end of the First Temple period, the wall of Jerusalem was breached by Nebuchadnezzar's armies signalling the beginning of the destruction of the city and the Temple, and King Tzedekiah and his ministers tried to escape through a secret tunnel to Jericho but were captured.

Friday night-Saturday July 19-20 / 14 Tammuz
Shabbat Parshat BALAK
Torah reading BALAK Numbers 22:2-25:9 telling the story of Bilaam's abortive efforts to curse Israel at the behest of Balak king of Moab; Haftara: Micah 5:6-6:8.

Saturday night-Sunday July 20-21 / 15 Tammuz
Yahrzeit of outstanding tzaddik, scholar and kabbalist Rabbi Chaim ben Atar (1696-1743), known as the Ohr HaChayim ("Light of Life") after the title of his commentary on the Torah. Thousands visit his Jerusalem gravesite on the lower slope of Mount of Olives directly facing the Temple Mount with the assurance that their prayers will not go unanswered.


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