28 Adar-5 Nissan 5777
26 March-1 April '17
Attributes of the month of Adar: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH are HEH-HEH-YUD-VAV contained in the final letters of four of the Hebrew words in Genesis 49:11, eeroH velashrekaH bniY athonO, "his foal..., and his ass's colt unto the choice vine". The month's corresponding letter is: KUF; Human attribute: LAUGHTER; Body Part: SPLEEN; Tribe: NAFTALI; Constellation: DAGIM (Pisces).
Monday 27 March / 29 Adar
YOM KIPPUR KATAN
This is a day for introspection and repentance prior to the beginning of the new month, which starts tonight. Many fast from dawn until nightfall and engage in self-examination and repentance, reciting a special service in the afternoon and, where possible, journeying to pray at the graves of the Tzaddikim.
Today is a particularly auspicious day for offering prayers for one's livelihood (SheLaH).
Attributes of the month of Nissan: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH is the first in the order of permutations: YOD KEH VAV KEH, contained in the initial Hebrew letters of Yismechu Hashamayim Vetagel Ha'aretz -- "Let the heavens rejoice and the earth exult" (Psalms 96:11). The month's corresponding letter is: HEH; Human attribute: SPEECH; Body Part: RIGHT FOOT; Tribe: JUDAH; Constellation: RAM (Aries).
night -Tuesday 27-28 March / 1 Nissan
ROSH CHODESH NISSAN
On Rosh Chodesh, the prayer Ya'aleh VeYavo is introduced in the evening, morning and afternoon Amidah prayers and in the Birchat HaMazon Grace after Meals. "Half" Hallel is recited after the morning Amidah prayer, then the Torah is read in the Synagogue followed by the Rosh Chodesh Mussaf Additional Service. It is appropriate to celebrate Rosh Chodesh with a more festive meal than usual.
Have a Good and Blessed Month!!!
The first ten days of Nissan correspond to the letter Yod of the divine name A-D-N-Y; the four days of checking the Paschal lamb from 11-14 Nissan correspond to the Dalet The fifty days from the first day of Pesach to the eve of Shavuot correspond to the Nun, and Shavuot itself corresponds to the Aleph, signifying our complete acceptance of the kingship of G-d through our service in this period.
From Rosh Chodesh Nissan until Pesach, many have the custom of not eating Matzot in order to eat the Pesach matzot with relish. Don't forget to spare a thought for the many who cannot afford Matzot and other Pesach needs. In this period it is customary to give Kimcha d'Pischa -- special charity to the poor to cover their "flour" and other Pesach needs.
The Sanctuary in the wilderness was inaugurated on Rosh Chodesh Nissan, and this auspicious day has ten crowns: (1) On this day the Creation was complete; (2) Nachshon Prince of Judah brought his offering to Moses' wilderness Sanctuary; (3) Aaron began his duties as High Priest; (4) The first communal offerings were brought; (5) Fire came down from heaven to the altar; (6) Sacrificial portions were eaten within designated limits around the Sanctuary; (7) The Shechinah dwelt among the people; (8) The Cohanim blessed the people; (9) It was henceforth forbidden to sacrifice on private altars; (10) This day was designated as Rosh Chodesh. Numerous sections of the Torah were revealed on 1 Nissan.
Since the Princes of the Twelve Tribes of Israel brought their inaugural sacrifices to the Sanctuary day by day on the first twelve days of Nissan, many have the custom of reading the corresponding passages from Numbers 7:1-89 each day after the morning prayers, starting with verses 1-17 on the first day and concluding with vv. 78-89 on the twelth day. Some study the lengthy Midrashim on how the identical sacrifices of the twelve princes in each case had different intentions and allusions (Midrash Rabbah NASO and see Me'Am Lo'ez).
Each of the first twelve days of Nissan corresponds to one of the twelve months of the coming year. "And those with clear vision can see how the events on each of these days allude to what is to come in the corresponding month" (R. Menachem Mendel of Riminov).
Blessing of the trees (Birkhat Ha-Ilanot): This special blessing is recited only once a year at any point during the month of Nissan on seeing at least two blossoming fruit trees, whether of the same or different species. "Blessed are You, G-d, our Lord, King of the universe, for He left nothing lacking in His universe, and He created in it good creatures and good trees, to give mankind pleasure in them." Birkat Ha'ilanot is found in most prayerbooks. Sephardic and some Chassidic Siddurim include extended accompanying readings of psalms and prayers, including a special prayer for the elevation of the souls.
1 Nissan was the birthday of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov. He once said: "When somebody thinks of me they become like a newborn babe".
Wednesday 29 March / 2 Nissan:
We are now in the count-down to Pesach, which begins on Monday night 10 April. As we work to clean out the chametz (leavened bread etc.) from our homes and make our other preparations for the festival, let's remember to cleanse ourselves inwardly and offer our personal prayers from the heart for everything we need, personally and collectively.
Friday night-Saturday 31 March-1 April / 5 Nissan
Please spare a thought for the many who cannot
afford Matzot and other Pesach needs.
In this period it is customary to give Kimcha d'Pischa - special charity to the poor to cover their "flour" (kimcha) for the matzot and other Pesach needs.