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25 Tishri-1 Marcheshvan 5775
19-25 October 2014

Attributes of the month of Tishri: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: VAV KEH YOD KEH, contained in the final Hebrew letters of the words of the verse vayir'U otaH sareY par'oH, "and the ministers of Pharaoh saw her" (Genesis 11:29). The month's corresponding letter is: LAMED; Human attribute: COITION; Body Part: GALL BLADDER; Tribe: JOSEPH; Constellation: MOZNA'IM (Libra, the Scales).

Saturday night-Sunday 18-19 October / 25 Tishri
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berdichev (1740-1809), the great Chassidic luminary and beloved advocate of the Jewish people.

Wednesday night-Thursday 22-23 October / 29 Tishri
Today is the anniversary of the death of Shimon HaTzaddik (d. 311 B.C.E.), High Priest in the Second Temple and last of the Men of the Great Assembly (Avot 1:1), whose grave in Jerusalem is visited by great numbers of people on this day.

Thursday 23 October / 29 Tisrhi
The usual "Yom Kippur Katan" fast and special prayer service preceeding Rosh Chodesh are not observed on the eve of Rosh Chodesh of the months of Cheshvan, Tevet, Iyar and Tishri (ChaT'AT).

Thursday night-Friday 23-24 October / 30 Tishri
First Day of New Moon, ROSH CHODESH MARCHESHVAN
Ya'aleh VeYavo is introduced in the evening, morning and afternoon Amidah prayers of Rosh Chodesh and in the Birchat HaMazon Grace after Meals. "Half" Hallel is recited after the morning Amidah prayer, then the Torah is read in the Synagogue followed by the Mussaf Additional Service.
It is appropriate to celebrate Rosh Chodesh with a festive meal, and fasting is forbidden.

Attributes of the month of Marcheshvan: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: VAV KEH KEH YOD, contained in the initial Hebrew letters of the words of the verse OOd'vash Hayom Hazeh YKVK, "and honey. This day HaShem..." (Deut 26:15-16). The month's corresponding letter is: NUN; Human attribute: SMELL; Body Part: INTESTINE; Tribe: LEVY; Constellation: AKRAV (Scorpio, the Scorpion).

Friday night-Saturday 24-25 October / 1 Marcheshvan
Second Day of New Moon, ROSH CHODESH MARCHESHVAN
"Half" Hallel is recited after the morning Shabbat Amidah prayer, followed by the reading of the weekly Torah portion of NOAH, Genesis 6.9-11:32 after which there is an additional special Torah reading for Rosh Chodesh (Numbers 28:11-15) followed by the special Shabbat-Rosh Chodesh Haftara from Isaiah chapter 66. After the Torah reading we recite the special Mussaf additional service ("Atah yatzarta") for when Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbat.
On this day King Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem was completed (I Kings 6:38), although it was not inaugurated until the following Tishri.

The sum of the mathematical value of the Hebrew letters of Marcheshvan (Mem 40 + Reish 200 + Chet 8 + Shin 300 + Vav 6 + Nun 50 + 1 for the kolel + 6 units for each of the Hebrew letters of the name) is 611, the same as that of the letters of the word Torah (Tav 400 + Vav 6 + Reish 200 + Heh 5 = 611). This is a sign that we should increase our Torah study during the long nights of the winter.

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Azamra means "I will sing" (Psalms 146:2)

"And the way to sing the song of joy is by seeking the good in all people, especially in ourselves. Each good point is one more note in the song of life!"

Rabbi Nachman of Breslov