Moshe Chaim Luzzatto ("RaMChaL"):
138 Openings of Wisdom
Different degrees of connection of male and female in different Partzufim.
The connection of the male and female aspects constitutes perfection, and this is how the influence is channeled. Accordingly, wherever the male and female are closer together in and of themselves, this indicates a level of perfection that requires no work on the part of the lower creations. The further apart they become from one another, the more it indicates a want of perfection and that work is needed there on the part of the lower creations.
Having explained the overall difference between the male and female Partzufim, we must now explain the difference between one male and another and between one female and another.
There are two parts to this proposition: Part 1: The connection... When the male and female aspects are connected, this is perfection. Part 2: Accordingly... It is in the degree of the connection that there are differences.
Part 1: The connection of the male and female aspects is perfection... This is clearly so, because male and female are the mystery of Kindness and Judgment, and the connection between them brings sweetening since Kindness sweetens the strict judgments. Moreover, the female is the receiver (מקבל, mekabel) while the male is the active influence (משפיע, mashpia). The entire function of evil is only to separate the receiver from the source of influence. From this you may infer the converse - that when male and female are joined, it is because evil is powerless to distance the receiver from the source of influence. It follows that the conection of male and female is perfection.
...and this is how the influence is channeled. It is through their coupling that the influence is drawn down, and accordingly, wherever the coupling is greater, the flow of influence is greater.
Part 2: Accordingly, wherever the male and female are closer together in and of themselves this indicates a level of perfection... In the light of what we have said, this should be obvious, for the whole purpose of men's service is to bring about the coupling of the male and female aspects in order to conciliate and sweeten the attribute of Judgment and enable the receiver to be attached to its source of influence. When this is already intrinsically the case (because on such a high level there is no evil and therefore no need to conciliate and sweeten the attribute of Judgment) it follows that there is no need for work on the part of man. This is a level of perfection ...that requires no work on the part of the lower creations.
The further apart they become from one another... The distance between them increases gradually, level by level. In the Partzuf of Atik there is a great connection, with male and female both everywhere in the Partzuf. In the case of Arich Anpin, the male is on the right and the female on the left, but still in one Partzuf. Abba and Imma are male and female and are two Partzufim, yet they emerge as one and dwell as one. Zeir and Nukva are two separate Partzufim, and also their coupling is not continual. Thus man's main service lies in bringing about the union of Tiferet and Malchut, respectively Zeir Anpin and the Nukva. Accordingly, the further apart they are from one another ...the more it indicates a want of perfection and that work is needed there on the part of the lower creations.
138 OPENINGS OF WISDOM INDEX PAGE
by Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Greenbaum
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